The NGO WWF stands up… against electric cars! At least, against the largest of them. In a study published this Wednesday, November 8, this latest alert regarding the size of electric vehicles. They would consume too many rare metals.
The risk would be to quickly reach a shortage of rare metals. And to cite a rupture of lithium, nickel or even cobalt. The latter would happen “by the end of the decade”, “if the whole world bought as many electric SUVs as the French”.
The solution, according to WWF? Let technological progress take place or even encourage it? Certainly not. The entity advocates easy measurement… with a weight penalty!
“WWF France calls on the government to discourage the sale of the heaviest electric models by introducing a weight penalty specific to these models and taking into account the weight associated with an electric battery of sufficient capacity to cover most of the needs of movement of the French.”
Three possible scenarios, according to the study
Indeed, large electric SUVs consume “three times more copper and aluminum and five times more lithium, nickel and cobalt than a small electric city car”, reports the study. But that would be too much.
Three scenarios were therefore imagined for the future. A scenario of “let it go”and “intermediate” and one advocating “sobriety”. According to the results, the demand for metals “critiques” will be between 5% and 15% too large in relation to the economic weight of France.
The ecological bonus limited to the lightest cars
In contrast, the sobriety scenario reports 25% lower demand. With this, the export of lithium would even be possible. The NGO therefore calls for making the ecological bonus accessible to the lightest electric vehicles only:
“With a dual objective of competitiveness and climate excellence, WWF France calls on the government to reserve the ecological bonus only for electric cars weighing less than 1.6 tonnes.”
“WWF France provides a special regime allowing large families to benefit from the bonus for the purchase of a car weighing more than 1.6 tonnes (but less than 2.2 tonnes) and a reduced penalty for the purchase of a heavy, spacious electric car.”
The world needs electric vehicles
The authors of the study, however, point out that electric vehicles are necessary. It is simply a matter of “de-SUVizing the electric market”. Jean Burkard, director of advocacy at WWF France, concludes :
“The ecological transition needs electric vehicles. But the problem is its size.” “[En cas de pénurie]we will have to choose between having electric vehicles, wind turbines or electrical networks.”
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To sum up
The NGO WWF estimates that electric vehicles that are too heavy will lead to a shortage of stocks of critical metals. It proposes a weight penalty and lowering the ecological bonus to force manufacturers to produce small models.
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