On a proposal from the European Commission, parliamentarians are preparing to vote to reduce CO2 emissions from heavy goods vehicles in Europe: trucks, buses and coaches. But manufacturers are worried.
The ambitious objectives of the European Union
Heavy goods vehicles generate 6% of greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union, and around 25% of CO2 emissions from all road transport. As with cars, the European Commission wants to tackle this problem and has made a drastic proposal to do so. She wants to reduce emissions by 45%. heavy vehicles » by 2030, then 65% in 2035 and 90% in 2040. The Commission also wants all new buses be CO2 neutral from 2030.
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A huge industrial challenge for manufacturers. Voices are raised. However, the Brussels text must allow the Old Continent to achieve its environmental objectives. The transition to electric (or at least electrified) mobility seems inevitable. Meeting in Strasbourg, the members of the European Parliament are preparing to decide by giving their position on this legislative project. A vote which will then allow discussions to begin with the Member States in order to move this immense project forward.
What does the industry think?
We are at the dawn of a real industrial revolution, and manufacturers are worried. According to them, the objectives set by the European Union represent a “ gigantic challenge “. ACEA, the Association of European Automobile Manufacturers, is sounding a cry of alarm. A spokesperson said it was “ unrealizable ambitions without sufficient infrastructure and strong purchasing incentives ».
MEPs have already voted in favor of a text which aims to install charging stations every 120 km (with a power of 1,400 kW to 2,800 kW) for electric trucks. To begin this transition, ACEA believes that it would be necessary “ 700 hydrogen charging stations and 50,000 electric terminals “. Union rules must apply to all heavy professional vehicles: household waste skips, concrete mixers, transport trucks, etc.
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This transformation of the sector could create 7,000 new jobs and generate 10 billion euros of additional GDP by 2035. For his part, Bas Eickhout, the rapporteur of the text, estimates that “ if they want to maintain their predominance on our territory, European truck manufacturers must accelerate their transition “. Volvo, Mercedes or even Daimler could quickly find themselves facing international competition with Tesla, Nikola or even BYD.
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