If CO emissions2 passenger cars have declined, this is because of the rise of electric cars on the market. In other words, nothing has really changed for thermal vehicles which are no less polluting than before because manufacturers based their measurements until 2017 on laboratory tests and not in real road conditions. Here they are called to order in a report from the Court of Auditors.
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Thermal cars do not pollute much less than before and the reduction in CO emissions2 of the sector automobileautomobile are mainly linked to the rise of electric vehicles, according to a report published on January 24 by the European Court of Auditors. The institution measured the effectiveness of the regulation on broadcastsbroadcasts de CO2 passenger cars, which has set an EU-wide emissions target for new vehicles since 2010 and, since 2012, specific emissions targets for manufacturers.
According to the Court of Auditors, CO emissions2 new passenger cars started to decline significantly from 2020, i.e. 11 years after the entry into force of the first regulation ».
« Emissions in real conditions from cars thermal motorthermal motor having not decreased, this decline is mainly explained by the significant growth in electric vehicles », underline the authors of the report. During the period 2009-2019, the average emissions of new vehicles in real conditions of use did not decrease, “ mainly because manufacturers have focused on reducing emissions measured in the laboratory rather than on the road “. On-road emissions depend on driver behavior, traffic or vehicle use. air conditionerair conditioner.
Emissions measured in real road conditions
In 2017, a new laboratory test cycle, which better reflects real driving conditions, became mandatory for new vehicles received. “ This change made it possible to close many flaws that had appeared in the previous test cycle and to reduce the gap between emissions measured in the laboratory and those observed on the road. », Analyzes the Court of Auditors. CO emissions reduction targets2 for cars and the EU’s climate ambitions for 2030 do not “ do not agree sufficiently », concludes the Court.
« The main challenge to meet the emissions reduction targets for 2030 and beyond will be to ensure that there is a sufficient shift towards zero-emission vehicles by individuals. It will be particularly important to make electric vehicles affordable, to put in place sufficient charging infrastructure and to guarantee the supply of raw materials necessary for the production of batteries », underlines the Court of Auditors.
Emissions from the transport sector represented 23% of total carbon emissions. greenhouse gasgreenhouse gas of the EU in 2021, more than half of which came from passenger cars, and they continue to grow.
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